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Monday, May 27, 2013

Aristotle (384-322 BCE)

Aristotle's Ontology

The Freethinker

Reasonable non-belief

Inquiry trumps faith.

"There is only one way to avoid criticism: 
do nothing, say nothing, and be nothing."

The Skeptic

Lack of empirical evidence

Discovery trumps revelation.

"It is the mark of an educated mind 
to be able to entertain a thought 
without accepting it."

The Secularist

Inconsistent revelations 

Reason trumps custom.

"Our remote ancestors have handed down remnants to posterity in the form of myth, 
to the effect that the heavenly bodies are gods and that the divine encompasses 
the whole of nature. But the rest has been added by way of myth to persuade the vulgar 
and for the use of the laws and expediency."

The Humanist 

The argument from evil

Autonomy trumps piety.

"Men create gods after their own image, 
not only with regard to their form 
but with regard to their mode of life."

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