The goal of this series is to trace the evolution of four core arguments against God's existence in the words of four prominent figures from each period. Unlike in the previous posts, none of the Roman Horsemen are contemporaries. Each is separated from the next by a century or two. They provide, however, what is arguably the most elegant formulations of their respective ontological arguments.
The argument from evil- If the gods are real, they have a lot of explaining to do. Lucretius knew that evil was not divine retribution.
The argument from reasonable nonbelief- If the existence of gods were self-evident, everyone would believe. Hypatia stands as a historical reminder of the dangers of compulsory belief.