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Thursday, September 11, 2014

Rhazes (865-925)


Razi's Ontology


The Freethinker

Reasonable non-belief

Inquiry trumps faith. 

If the people of this religion are asked about 
the proof for the soundness of their religion, they flare up, get angry and spill the blood of whoever confronts them with this question. They forbid rational speculation, and strive 
to kill their adversaries. This is why truth became thoroughly silenced and concealed.


The Skeptic

Lack of empirical evidence

Discovery trumps revelation. 

You claim that the evidentiary miracle 
is present and available, namely, the Koran. 
You say "Whomever denies it, let him produce 
a similar one." Indeed, we shall produce 
a thousand similar, from the works 
of rhetoricians, eloquent speakers and valiant poets, which are more appropriately phrased and state the issues more succinctly. 


The Secularist

Inconsistent revelations 

Reason trumps custom.  

You are talking about a work which recounts ancient myths, and which at the same time 
is full of contradictions and does not contain 
any useful information or explanation. 
Then you say "Produce something like it!"


The Humanist 

The argument from evil

Autonomy trumps piety.  

On what ground do you deem it necessary 
that God should single out certain individuals, that he should set them up above other people, that he should appoint them to be the people's guides, and make people dependent upon them?






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